Sexually transmitted disease (STD) definition and facts
- STDs are infections that are transmitted during any type of sexual contact.
- Many STDs in women do not cause specific symptoms.
- Common STDs in women include Chlamydia, gonorrhea, HPV, genital herpes, and the Zika virus.
- Antibiotic treatment can cure STDs caused by bacteria, including Chlamydia, syphilis, and gonorrhea.
- No cure is available for some STDs like HIV or chronic hepatitis B infection, but medications are available to manage these chronic conditions.
- Complications of STDs depend upon the specific type of illness, but pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and infertility are complications of some STDs.
- Condoms can protect against some, but not all, STDs and are never 100% effective in protecting against STDs.